Spectrum Asia was established in 2003 as Spectrum OSO Asia Limited, and is today one of the largest independent providers of business intelligence, investigation and risk mitigation services in the Asia Pacific region.
The company’s former name reflects its strategic partnerships with New Jersey-based Spectrum Gaming Group (www.spectrumgaming.com), with which Spectrum Asia jointly provides casino gaming consultancy services in Asia, and, until 2011, John Gibbons’ San Francisco-based the OSO Group Ltd., which is no longer in operation. In 2007, Spectrum Asia acquired Corporate Discretionary Services, Inc., a specialist provider of investigation and security services in the Philippines and China.
Spectrum Asia presently has some 35 employees, all of whom live and work in Asia, and permanent offices or full-time representatives in Japan, China, Hong Kong, Thailand, Vietnam and Myanmar. Our in-house language capabilities include Mandarin Chinese, Cantonese, Japanese, Korean, Thai, Lao, Vietnamese, Burmese, Malay and Indonesian.
The company’s senior management reflects a diverse range of skills and experience in fields that include law enforcement, security and intelligence, journalism, consulting, public relations and the law.
Spectrum Asia has worked in countries including Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, China (including Hong Kong & Macau), India, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, The Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
Between 2005-2006, Spectrum Asia worked on behalf of the Ministry of Home Affairs of Singapore to conduct detailed probity investigations into the corporate applicants for the multi-billion dollar Integrated Resort casino projects at Marina Bay and Sentosa Island. From January 2010 to 2014, Spectrum Asia worked with the Casino Regulatory Authority of Singapore undertaking probity investigations of junket promoter license applicants.
PAUL BROMBERG, Chief Executive Officer, has been overseeing and conducting investigations in Asia since 1988. During this time, he has worked closely with various government and law enforcement departments. He has undertaken numerous surveys and due diligence investigations for many international gaming and corporate clients.
Mr. Bromberg was formerly Director of Research for Kroll in Hong Kong before founding the specialist investigations firm, OVG International Ltd. He served as a Director of the Asian operations of Armor Holdings, Inc, a NYSE listed security and investigations firm, that acquired OVG International in June 2000, before co-founding Spectrum Asia in June 2003.
Mr. Bromberg is a recognized expert on Chinese and Southeast Asian business affairs. He speaks regularly at gaming and risk advisory conferences, and is often quoted in local media and news publications. He has had numerous articles published in various industry publications. He is also a contributing author to “Casino Industry in Asia Pacific”, published by The Haworth Hospitality Press in 2006. Mr. Bromberg served from 2006-2013 as a member of the Conference Advisory Board for Global Gaming Expo (G2E) Asia.
Mr. Bromberg has a B.A. (Honours) degree in Modern Chinese Studies from the University of Leeds, England. He spent several years conducting research at Fudan University in Shanghai and at Xiamen University in Fujian Province, China.
STEPHEN CHANDLER, Associate, has been resident in Asia for more than 30 years. As a career Hong Kong police officer, Mr. Chandler reached the senior position of Assistant Commissioner before retiring from the police force in 2005.
During his distinguished career, Mr. Chandler was at one time responsible for the management of resources to provide safety and security to more than 2.5 million residents in the New Territories. He also worked with senior Chinese Public Security Bureau officials to maintain the integrity of the Hong Kong land border with China. Mr. Chandler was awarded the Chief Executive of Hong Kong’s Commendation in the 1 July 2004 Honours List, and has been the recipient of numerous awards for outstanding investigative work from the Queen, the Hong Kong Police, the Hong Kong Judiciary and both the US Secret Service and the Department of Diplomatic Security.
Mr. Chandler joined the Hong Kong Jockey Club (“HKJC”) in March 2005 as Executive Director of Security & Corporate Legal Services where he served until December 2010. He was responsible for all aspects of security at the HKJC and was the project leader for the building of the 2008 Olympic Equestrian venue in Hong Kong. He had the ultimate responsibility for the safety and security of Heads of State and dignitaries visiting the HKJC during that event.
Mr. Chandler was awarded a Masters Degree in Training from Leicester University, England in 1996 and a Doctorate in Education from Bristol University, England in 2000.
JOHN C. GIBBONS, Co-founder, is based in San Francisco, California. Following his graduation from law school, Mr. Gibbons served as a United States Department of Justice Attorney from 1972 to 1985. During his tenure with the Department of Justice, he was the Chief of the Criminal Division for the Northern District of California, San Francisco, Chief of the Criminal Division for the Eastern District of California, Sacramento and Deputy Chief of the Organized Crime and Racketeering Strike Force, Los Angeles. During his Department of Justice career, he tried and supervised the prosecution and investigation of many significant high profile cases. These included several internationally recognized espionage and terrorist matters, multinational corporate espionage cases, organized crime RICO prosecutions and many significant multinational white collar prosecutions.
In 1985, Mr. Gibbons, as the Senior Managing Director, opened the first Kroll offices outside of New York in San Francisco, Los Angeles and Hong Kong. In 1991, Mr. Gibbons formed The OSO Group Limited, which established itself as a well-respected international investigation and consulting group, and the first commercial counter-espionage group in the private sector. In 2011, Mr. Gibbons joined Guidepost Solutions as a Senior Managing Director of the West Coast and Asian operations, before retiring from this position at the end of 2013. Mr. Gibbons has directed many international high profile inquiries. He enjoys a pre-eminent international reputation in the ever changing field of international investigations and consulting.
Mr. Gibbons has been a lecturer and instructor at Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Hastings College of the Law, University of California, the Hastings College of the Law Advocacy Institute, the United States Department of Justice Advocacy Institute, the Advocacy Institute for the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, and has published materials for the California Continuing Education of the Bar programs. Mr. Gibbons has served as a Special Master to the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. He served for 17 years as a Director of the Economic Crime Institute, Utica College of Syracuse University. Presently, Mr. Gibbons serves as a board member of Seton Hall University School of Law.
FREDRIC E. GUSHIN, Managing Director, Spectrum Gaming Group LLC., founded Spectrum in 1993, and has since developed the firm to become an international gaming consultancy specializing in providing services to casino developers and operators, gaming vendors, regulatory agencies and Indian Nations. Mr. Gushin has worked for a variety of private sector and governmental clients throughout the U.S.A., the Caribbean, Latin America, Australia and Asia.
He has previously served as a Member of the Oneida Indian Gaming commission and is a Member of the Editorial Board of the Gaming Law Review and a member of the International Association of Gaming Attorneys. Mr. Gushin is also an expert on compliance with the U.S. Bank Secrecy Act’s casino regulations.
Mr. Gushin served with New Jersey’s Division of Gaming Enforcement from 1978 to 1991 where he rose to the position of Assistant Attorney General and Assistant Director. Mr. Gushin has lectured extensively on a variety of issues relating to the gaming industry and has also testified before various legislative and governmental committees, including the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Organized Crime.
Mr. Gushin received his undergraduate and MA degrees from the School of Public Service, American University, Washington, DC; and his JD degree from Rutgers School of Law, Camden, New Jersey. Prior to his career in gaming, Mr. Gushin served as Deputy Assistant Counsel for the Presidential Clemency Board in Washington, D.C., and also served as a Trademark Attorney and Special Assistant to the Commissioner, US Patent and Trademark Office, Washington, DC.
CHRISTIAN GUTH, Associate, is a 25-year veteran of the French police force and has more than 30 years experience in policy planning and organizational reviews with numerous law enforcement and security organizations in Asia, Europe and Africa. Immediately prior to his early retirement from the police in 1998, Mr Guth served as Senior Chief Inspector in the French International Police Cooperation Service based in Phnom Penh, Cambodia and was appointed Advisor to the Ministry of Interior of Cambodia.
More recently, Mr. Guth has been the Interim Chief of Party for Combating Trafficking in Person project in Nepal that The Asia Foundation is implementing with USAID. For 11 years, he served as the Executive Project Director for Law Enforcement Against Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking of Children Project for the Royal Government of Cambodia in partnership UNICEF, IOM, World Vision Cambodia, Terre des Hommes NL and other international organizations. Prior to this, Mr. Guth was a security consultant for Credit Agricole Indosuez Bank.
Mr. Guth graduated in 1974 from Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Police in Paris and undertook the Specialization Course on Audit Concentration and Strategic Planning at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts et Métiers, Paris in 1989.
PHILLIP LAYTON, Associate, has been resident in Asia for more than 30 years. A veteran of the Royal Hong Kong Police, his service included 14 years with the Commercial Crime Bureau, in which he was promoted to the post of Deputy Head and was responsible for task force investigations of bank fraud and publicly listed companies. Mr Layton oversaw the investigations of some 300 police officers and accountants in both fraud and counterfeit related areas, including managing to prosecution many of the highest profile fraud investigations in Hong Kong. He is a respected international lecturer on fraud investigation and money laundering, and has been involved in Government committees considering intellectual property issues and the role of accountants in reporting fraud.
Mr Layton moved to the private sector in 1991 when he started his own management consultancy providing investigative services to a number of well known multinational companies. In 2000, his company was acquired by a US public company specializing in security consultancy; Mr Layton subsequently became the Regional CEO responsible for both investigative and security issues. Following his retirement from that position, Mr Layton has continued to provide consultancy services in a number of areas including corporate due diligence, fraud and corruption investigations and litigation support.
WILLIAM LO, Country Manager, China. Mr. Lo’s last assignment prior to retiring from 34 years service with the Hong Kong Police was within the District Crime Squad of Mong Kok. There he led investigations of serious crimes. After his retirement, Mr. Lo worked as a Senior Investigator at Venetian Macau before joining Spectrum Asia in September 2008 to manage business operations in Guangzhou.
Mr. Lo is an acknowledged expert in the investigation of triad related and other serious crimes. He was awarded a Commanding Officer’s Commendation for leadership, professionalism and devotion to duty of a very high order upon completing his tour of duties.
JAMES MARGETTS, Director with responsibility for the Greater China region, has more than 20 years of experience in commercial investigations and Intellectual Property Rights protection.
Mr Margetts has been a resident in Asia for more than 25 years and has extensive working knowledge of China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Vietnam. He is a Graduate of Dartmouth College with a B.A in Asian Studies. Mr Margetts is fluent in Mandarin Chinese and has a working knowledge of Japanese and Turkish.
JOHN MULLER, Associate, has extensive experience in Southeast Asia in providing security consulting services to corporate and government clients. Resident in Thailand for almost 30 years, Mr Muller has for the last 22 years managed the largest security companies in Thailand and Cambodia respectively.
Mr. Muller has provided numerous speeches and articles on regional security issues. He was previously Chairman of the Security Committee of the American Chamber of Commerce of Thailand and the Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC) of Thailand respectively, and remains a Member of the American Society for Industrial Security (ASIS). He is also an Honorary Member of the Royal Thai Special Forces and a member of the US Special Forces Association.
Mr. Muller served as an officer with United States Military between 1969 and 1986. He holds a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Political Science from the University of Washington.
KEVIN MYERS, Director and Chief Administrative Officer, brings to his post more than 30 years of experience with mainframe and personal computing systems and software, report design and programming, networking design, internet connectivity, and server and systems support in the United Kingdom, the United States and Asia.
Mr. Myers supervises IT systems, including reliability and security monitoring, for Spectrum Asia’s offices across the region. In addition, he oversees the company’s accounting procedures, human resources, financial reporting, company processes and policies.
Previously, Mr. Myers worked with Rank Xerox (UK) Ltd. and has consulted in Asia for several multinational companies in the fields of network security, secure remote access, network intrusion detection software and network monitoring, and in servers running Linux distributions. He has also handled remote and on site support for local servers, and remote support for internet servers in the United States.
KENJI OKAMOTO, Managing Director, Japan, joined Spectrum Asia in 2004 and currently oversees the company’s operations throughout Japan. He was previously engaged in due diligence and sourcing for the real estate and venture capital industry. Having overseen more than 500 due diligence investigations in Japan and Korea covering industries ranging from financial services, real estate, manufacturing to retail, Mr. Okamoto is familiar with many of the key players in these markets. He was also a key participant in the Japan leg of Operation Safe Commerce (U.S. Customs, Department of Homeland Security) in 2006.
Mr. Okamoto graduated from Sophia University, Tokyo, where he majored in International Business and Economics with a minor in Security Studies. He also holds an MBA from McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
TOM PARKER, Regional Manager, has overseen multiple research and gaming projects throughout the Asia Pacific region. He is an acknowledged specialist in the Southeast Asian security environment, international relations and politics. Prior to joining Spectrum Asia in 2011, Mr. Parker served as a Risk Analyst at the British Embassy, Bangkok. Within this role he helped lead initiatives to tackle illegal migration and associated organized crime in Vietnam, building intelligence by working with foreign missions, local enforcement and government in Hanoi.
Mr. Parker speaks and reads Thai fluently. He has worked as a Thai interpreter for the United Kingdom’s Home Office and holds a B.A. (Honours) degree from the University of Hull, England and a M.A. in Southeast Asian Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies, London.
MICHAEL J. POLLOCK, Managing Director, Spectrum Gaming Group LLC., was the founder and editor of “Michael Pollock’s Gaming Industry Observer”, an award winning newsletter that tracked and analyzed financial, political, legal and regulatory trends impacting the gaming industry. He is also the founder and organizing sponsor of the Mid-Atlantic Gaming Congress, the largest gaming conference in the Northeast United States.
Mr. Pollock has extensive consulting experience in the areas of financial evaluation and analysis. He has been retained to conduct feasibility studies for hotel casino and resort developments and expansions, has developed marketing plans for major slot manufacturers; has performed valuations and other analysis for domestic and international clients. Firms that rely on his research and expertise include a blue-chip roster of securities firms, gaming companies, vendors and regulatory agencies.
Mr. Pollock worked for 15 years as a journalist where he served as Editorial Page Editor for the Press of Atlantic City. He also worked for The Press as an investigative reporter, columnist and editor covering the gaming industry. From 1992 to 1996 he served as the Public Information Officer for the New Jersey Casino Control Commission.
Mr. Pollock has written numerous articles on the gaming industry for national publications. He also is the author of the award-winning book, “Hostage to Fortune: Atlantic City and Casino Gambling,” published by the Center for Analysis of Public Issues. He received his BA and MBA degrees from Rutgers University.
DAVID TUCK, Director and Head of Research, has two decades of experience in journalism, public relations and government service, most of which time has been spent in Asia. A former Press Secretary and Official Spokesman at Buckingham Palace from 1997 to 2001, he also spent 6 years with the British Embassy in Thailand and Laos (where he headed the British Trade Office), working on political, commercial and other matters.
Mr Tuck has a B.A. (Honours) degree in history from University College London. He reads and speaks Thai fluently.
KHAING TUN, Country Representative, Myanmar, has been working with Spectrum Asia since 2013 and has undertaken multiple due diligence and business intelligence assignments in Myanmar. Prior to this, Ms. Tun worked at the British Embassy, Yangon, as the Senior Trade & Investment Manager for UK Trade & Investment. In this role, she assisted various British businesses with market research and facilitated meetings with senior government officials in Myanmar. She also organized several trade missions to and from the UK in her capacity as an Embassy official.
Ms. Tun has more than a decade of international experience working in United States, Switzerland and Thailand. In Myanmar, she worked as a Human Resources Advisor and Training Coordinator for Texaco and Premier Oil in the late 1990s and has conducted training, workshops and seminars as an interpreter for various international organizations and Myanmar government officials, including Parliamentarians, on issues related to the Extractive Industries, Civil Service Reform, Financial and Revenue Management, Technical Assistance in the Energy Sector and the Importance of the Rule of Law.
Ms. Tun earned a B.A. from Rangoon University and a Diploma in French from the Alliance Francaise. She is fluent in Burmese, English and French, and resides in Nay Pyi Taw, the capital of Myanmar.
SHANE WALL, Chief Representative, Vietnam, has been working with Spectrum Asia since 2007. Prior to joining the company, Mr. Wall managed a domestic Vietnamese company specializing in providing translation services and market research to foreign multinationals and diplomatic missions in Vietnam.
Mr. Wall previously served with the Royal Australian Navy. For much of his 21-year military career he specialized in communications and intelligence, also serving as a Southeast Asia analyst with focus on Vietnam. He is a certified Vietnamese translator.
Mr. Wall speaks, reads and writes Vietnamese fluently, and has resided permanently in Vietnam since 2000.
TAKASHI UEHARA, Associate, is a 33-year veteran of the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department. Prior to his retirement in 2002, Mr. Uehara held various senior positions including Director of the Criminal Investigations Division at Higashi Murayama Police Station and rose to the rank of Police Superintendent in 2001.
Since his retirement from the police force, Mr. Uehara has been working as a security consultant in the private sector and was the Investigations Director of a major US bank from 2004 to 2007. Mr. Uehara speaks Japanese and English, and holds a law degree from Chuo University, Tokyo.